Viticulture is the art and science of growing grapes. It is an occupation that has been practiced by men and women throughout their history, for the vine was very probably one of the first crops planted when they became farmers around 10.000 years ago.
The vine is a climbing plant that was known to the primitive hunters. It grew wild in the temperate forests as a parasite on trees, climbing by means of tendrils to the top of the canopy, where it punt forth shoots and leaves to trap the sunlight creating an immense mass of frondage from which hung its refreshing, aromatic fruit.
Now, the domestic vine grows in the two temperate zones of the earth, roughly between parallels 28º and 50º of each hemisphere. The reason that lead humans to learn to grow vines and to continuously improve selection methods was to obtain their fruit, a bunch of edible berries containing a large amount of sugars, acids and aromatic compounds, a combination which gives a refreshing taste particularly pleasant to the human palate.